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King Ramses II at Abu Simbel

King Ramses II at Abu Simbel


Signed 24x36in Art Print.

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Along the western bank of the #Nile to the south of the second cataract stand the complex of Abu Simbel originally named HeTRamssUMriImn/ Amun beloved the temple of Ramses II . The sanctuary built by the pharaoh Ramses II consist of two temples cut into the rock separate but complementary. The larger one is dedicated to the deified king and to the three ramiside gods Ptah, Amun Ra and Ra horakhty. The facade of the larger temple cut in stone is dominated by four colossal seated statues of Ramses2 22 meters tall. Near the legs of the sovereign and between his feet you can see on a smaller scale queen Nefertari his mother and the various crown princes and princesses. Above the entrance covered with inscriptions is Ra horakhty in high relief receiving a tribute offering of Ma'aT the goddess of truth from the pharaoh sculpted in base relief on both sides. Above the double red and white crown of the north and the south the inscriptions from center right to left reads: Ankh Nkht MRI Ma'at Nsuit Bity UsrMa'atRaStpNRa Sa Ra RaMssuMriImn Imn Ra NsuT Ntru MRI (the living Horus strong bull beloved and true, king of upper and lower, the sun strong and true selected by the sun, son of the sun, born of the sun and loved by God, Amun Ra the beloved king of the Gods. When you enter the temple you see the first hyper style hall room with eight pillars leading on to which their are colossal statues of the sovereign. On the walls on are scenes of the famous battle of Kadesh against the Hittites are depicted. The sanctuaries in Nubia such as the one in Abu Simbel were aimed at fostering the Egyptian religion in this region which during the new kingdom had become part of the pharaohs dominion. Between 1964 and 1968 as part of the international project to save the monument of Nubia. The two temples were moved 210 meters further back and 65 meters higher to save them from flood waters by lake Nasser created by the Aswan dam.